Practical consensus guidelines for the management of enuresis.

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TitlePractical consensus guidelines for the management of enuresis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsVande Walle, J, Rittig, S, Bauer, S, Eggert, P, Marschall-Kehrel, D, Tekgul, S
Corporate AuthorsAmerican Academy of Pediatrics, European Society for Paediatric Urology, European Society for Paediatric Nephrology, International Children’s Continence Society
JournalEur J Pediatr
Volume171
Issue6
Pagination971-83
Date Published2012 Jun
ISSN1432-1076
KeywordsAntidiuretic Agents, Child, Clinical Alarms, Constipation, Deamino Arginine Vasopressin, Humans, Medical History Taking, Nocturnal Enuresis, Patient Compliance, Physical Examination
Abstract

Despite the high prevalence of enuresis, the professional training of doctors in the evaluation and management of this condition is often minimal and/or inconsistent. Therefore, patient care is neither optimal nor efficient, which can have a profound impact on affected children and their families. Once comprehensive history taking and evaluation has eliminated daytime symptoms or comorbidities, monosymptomatic enuresis can be managed efficaciously in the majority of patients. Non-monosymptomatic enuresis is often a more complex condition; these patients may benefit from referral to specialty care centers. We outline two alternative strategies to determine the most appropriate course of care. The first is a basic assessment covering only the essential components of diagnostic investigation which can be carried out in one office visit. The second strategy includes several additional evaluations including completion of a voiding diary, which requires extra time during the initial consultation and two office visits before treatment or specialty referral is provided. This should yield greater success than first-line treatment. Conclusion: This guideline, endorsed by major international pediatric urology and nephrology societies, aims to equip a general pediatric practice in both primary and secondary care with simple yet comprehensive guidelines and practical tools (i.e., checklists, diary templates, and quick-reference flowcharts) for complete evaluation and successful treatment of enuresis.

DOI10.1007/s00431-012-1687-7
Alternate JournalEur. J. Pediatr.
Citation Key179
PubMed ID22362256

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