Screening of urinary tract abnormalities among day and nightwetting children.

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TitoloScreening of urinary tract abnormalities among day and nightwetting children.
Tipo pubblicazioneJournal Article
Year of Publication1990
AutoriJärvelin, MR, Huttunen, NP, Seppänen, J, Seppänen, U, Moilanen, I
JournalScand J Urol Nephrol
Volume24
Issue3
Pagination181-9
Date Published1990
ISSN0036-5599
Parole chiaveChild, Enuresis, Female, Finland, Humans, Male, Urinary Incontinence, Urinary Tract, Urinary Tract Infections, Urodynamics, Urologic Diseases
Astratto

In order to detect possible urinary tract abnormalities among wetters, assessments of previous history completed by ultrasonography of the urinary tract and uroflowmetry were obtained for 145 wetting children and a random sample of 156 sex-matched non-wetting children drawn from a population of 3,375 seven-year-olds. Ultrasonography revealed abnormalities, including both morphological ones and cases with incomplete bladder emptying, in 5 out of 73 nightwetters (6.8%, 95% confidence limit, CL, 1.1-12.6), 10 out of 72 day and day and nightwetters (hereafter daywetters) (13.9%, CL 5.9-21.9) and 4 controls (2.6%, CL 0.1-5.0), the figure for the daywetters differing significantly from that for the controls (p less than 0.01). A fractioned voiding curve was recognized in 1 nightwetter (1.4%, CL -1.3-4.0), 7 daywetters (9.7%, CL 2.9-16.6) and 7 controls (4.5%, CL 1.2-7.7) the difference between the nightwetters and daywetters being significant (p less than 0.05). Depending on the previous history and abnormal findings in ultrasonography or uroflowmetry, examinations were continued with intravenous pyelography, voiding cystography, cystoscopy and/or by cystometry. Finally, marked structural or functional disorders of the urinary tract were detected in 11 out of 72 daywetters (15.3%, CL 7.0-23.6), 1 out of 73 pure nightwetters and 1 out of 156 control children. It is concluded that imaging of the urinary tract is not necessary for pure nightwetters, while ultrasonography or uroflowmetry and more sophisticated radiological or urological methods should be focused on those children with daytime wetting and clinical symptoms of voiding disturbances.

Alternate JournalScand. J. Urol. Nephrol.
Citation Key114
PubMed ID2237294

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